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Bipoints Before Clovis
Softcover, large format. Perfect binding. 375 pp. plus xvii pp. of front-matter.
Available from Universal Publishers, Boca Raton, FL as a print version (ISBN-13:978-1-61233-136-2; $34.95) and as a pdf file ($32.00).
The author is an amateur archaeologist and scholar of long-standing. His area of expertise is eastern North American prehistoric archaeology. Over the past 40 years Jack Hranicky has produced many guides to artifact typology — most especially flaked stone tools of the Middle Atlantic region. He has held positions in the Archeological Society of Virginia and the Eastern States Archaeological Federation. Jack is also a Member of the American Society for Amateur Archaeology.
Bifacially flaked stone artifacts, pointed at both ends when freshly made, are on record for cultures around the world from approximately 30,000 years ago until the common use of metal tools. It is believed by some New World prehistorians that "bipoints" were an important element of ancient stone toolkits and may have been present during the Late Glacial Maximum — if not before it.
In this work the author illustrates the corpus of bipoints throughout the Americas as well as state by state. He argues that resharpened bipoints have often been mis-identified as stemmed points used to tip projectiles. His position is a novel one, and bears serious consideration.
Hranicky is prepared to accept the hypothesis that there was a connection between Ice Age European Solutrean culture and the earliest inhabitants of the Americas and that their relationship is evidenced by bipoints, which have been discovered in the Middle Atlantic coastal region — on dry land and offshore. The evidence for such a connection remains controversial and will be argued for decades to come. Both proponents and adversaries of a "Cross-Atlantic Hypothesis" will find much to interest them in Jack Hranicky's new volume.
Reviewed by Richard Michael Gramly, PhD, ASAA Organizer, 12/2012.